Pages Menu
Categories Menu

Posted by on Jun 1, 2023 in Uncategorized |

A Hydrographical and Chorographical Chart of the Philippine Islands.

A Hydrographical and Chorographical Chart of the Philippine Islands.

About this Item


  • A Hydrographical and Chorographical Chart of the Philippine Islands.

Other Title

  • Carta Hydrographica y Chorographica de las Yslas Filipinas Dedicada al Rey Nuestro Señor por el Mariscal d. Campo D. Fernando Valdes Tamon Cavallo del Orden de Santiago de Govor. Y Capn.


  • This magnificent map of the Philippine archipelago, drawn by the Jesuit Father Pedro Murillo Velarde (1696–1753) and published in Manila in 1734, is the first and most important scientific map of the Philippines. The Philippines were at that time a vital part of the Spanish Empire, and the map shows the maritime routes from Manila to Spain and to New Spain (Mexico and other Spanish territory in the New World), with captions. In the upper margin stands a great cartouche with the title of the map, crowned by the Spanish royal coat of arms flanked each side by an angel with a trumpet, from which an inscription unfurls. The map is not only of great interest from the geographic point of view, but also as an ethnographic document. It is flanked by twelve engravings, six on each side, eight of which depict different ethnic groups living in the archipelago and four of which are cartographic descriptions of particular cities or islands. According to the labels, the engravings on the left show: Sangleyes (Chinese Philippinos) or Chinese; Kaffirs (a derogatory term for non-Muslims), a Camarin (from the Manila area), and a Lascar (from the Indian subcontinent, a British Raj term); mestizos, a Mardica (of Portuguese extraction), and a Japanese; and two local maps–one of Samboagan (a city on Mindanao), and the other of the port of Cavite. On the right side are: various people in typical dress; three men seated, an Armenian, a Mughal, and a Malabar (from an Indian textile city); an urban scene with various peoples; a rural scene with representations of domestic and wild animals; a map of the island of Guajan (meaning Guam); and a map of Manila.


  • Bagay, Nicolás de la Cruz, 1701-1771 Engraver.
  • Murillo Velarde, Pedro, 1696-1753 Cartographer.

Created / Published

  • Manila : [publisher not identified], 1734.


  • –  United States of America–Guam
  • –  Philippines
  • –  1734
  • –  Ethnic groups
  • –  Nautical charts


  • –  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • –  “Scale ca. 1:1.400.000. 20 Spanish leagues to 17 1/2 degrees = 8.8 centimeters”–Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • –  Original resource extent: 1 map ; 112 x 120 centimeters.
  • –  Original resource at: National Library of Spain.
  • –  Content in Spanish.
  • –  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668467

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest